Comparison of Toe Flexor Muscle Strength Between the Elderly with and Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
This research aims to compare toe flexor strength (TFS) between the elderly with (N = 20) and without (N = 20) type 2 diabetes mellitus and to explore the relationship between TFS and walking efficiency in both elderly groups. Toe grip dynamometer was used to test the TFS. Walking efficiency was determined with timed up and go (TUG) test. The results found that toe flexor muscle strength in elderly volunteers with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus showed no differences except TFS of left toes per body weight, with no relationship between TFS and walking efficiency, although volunteers with type 2 diabetes mellitus took longer to perform the TUG test than those without type 2 diabetes mellitus.
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