Review of Satellite-Based AIS for Monitoring Maritime Fisheries

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Somphop Purivigraipong


The AIS (Automatic Identification System) is widely used in the maritime services, such as vessel traffic, collision avoidance, fishing fleet monitoring and control, maritime security, aids to navigation, search and rescue etc. Since, the illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) has caused consequence severe issues impacted to human and marine environment such as marine food chain, over fishing and human trafficking. To mitigate and prevent those illegal marine fisheries, the AIS can be used as one of excellent tools for identifying and tracking the fishery vessels. To enable wide area operation, the low Earth orbit satellite equipped with AIS receiver is introduced to collect and transmit the AIS data broadcasting from the fishing vessels to the shore-based Vessel Traffic Services (VTS). Several missions of satellite based AIS have been flown into space since Year 2006. This paper reviews previous and current satellite-based AIS (SAT-AIS) missions to aim for the development approach of nano-satellite based AIS.

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