Hydrogen Production from Reforming of Cooking Oil with Carbon Dioxide Removal Process

Main Article Content

Watchrapong Inpakdee
Narissara Chatrattanawet
Yaneeporn Patcharavorachot


This work presents the hydrogen production process from both fresh and used cooking oils. The integration of autothermal reforming and adsorption process was proposed to provide the purified hydrogen. Aspen Plus simulation based on thermodynamics calculation was performed to determine the optimal operating conditions for hydrogen production. When the Effects of oil types, steam to carbon molar ratio, reforming temperature and pressure and amount of calcium oxide on hydrogen production were examined. The results showed that the reformer should be operated at 900 K, atmospheric pressure and steam to carbon molar ratio of 5. The optimal operating conditions of adsorption process are 600 K, atmospheric pressure and amount of calcium oxide as 18 kmol/hr. For the effect of oil types, it was found that the used vegetable oil can produce the highest amount of hydrogen, followed by fresh vegetable oil, used animal fat and fresh animal fat, respectively.

Article Details

Research Articles



S.R. Yenumala and S.K. Maity, “Reforming of vegetable oil for production of hydrogen: A thermodynamic analysis”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 36, pp. 11666-11675, 2011.

D.C. Panadare and V.K. Rathod, “Applications of Waste Cooking Oil Other Than Biodiesel: A Review”, Iranian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 12, 55-76, 2015.

S. Authayanun, A. Arpornwichanop, W. Paengjuntuek and S. Assabumrungrat, “Thermodynamic study of hydrogen production from crude glycerol autothermal reforming for fuel cell applications”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 35, 6617-6623, 2010.

Y. Patcharavorachot, D. Saebea, S. Authayanun and A. Arpornwichanop, “Hydrogen and power generation from supercritical water reforming of glycerol and pressurized SOFC integrated system: Use of different CO2 adsorption process”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 43, pp. 17821-17834, 2018.

J. Orsavova, L. Misurcova, J.V. Ambrozova, R. Vicha and J. Mlcek, “Fatty Acids Composition of Vegetable Oils and Its Contribution to Dietary Energy Intake and Dependence of Cardiovascular Mortality on Dietary Intake of Fatty Acids”, International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 16, 12871–12890, 2015.

F. Gunstone, Fatty Acid and Lipid Chemistry; Blackie: London, 1996

M.H. Rafiq and J.E. Hustad, “Biosyngas production by autothermal reforming of waste cooking oil with propane using a plasma-assisted gliding arc reactor”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 36, 8221-8233, 2010.