Ophidascaris baylisi (Nematoda: Ascarididae): Scanning Electron Microscopic Study of the Adult Surface with Ultrastructure and Chemical Composition Analysis of Eggshells

  • Arin Ngamniyom Major in Environment, Faculty of Environmental Culture and Eco-tourism, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
  • Weerawich Wongroj Prasarnmit Elementary Demonstration School, Srinakharinwirot University, Bangkok 10110, Thailand
  • Kriangkrai Karnchaisri College of Allied Health Sciences, Christian University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
  • Ruthairat Siriwattanarat Faculty of Science and Technology, Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, Bangkok 10300, Thailand
Keywords: O. baylisi, Python, Ultrastructure, FESEM-EDX

Abstract

The ascaridoid nematode Ophidascaris Baylis 1920 widely infests various species of snakes, including pythons. The aims of this study were to report the surface architecture of Ophidascaris baylisi gathered from Burmese pythons, using scanning electron microscopy, as well as to observe the ultrastructure and chemical composition of their eggshells using transmission electron microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-Ray, respectively. In details of the surfaces, cephalic projections, body cuticle, single and double papillae, spicule, and egg pits were represented. The ultrastructure of the eggshells were composed of four layers: a uterine-like layer, vitelline layer, chitinous layer, and lipid layer. The eggshell surfaces were composed of C (48.17 ± 5.67% of total weight), O (23.10 ± 2.52), N (21.11 ± 2.68), S (1.39 ± 1.12), Na (1.20 ± 0.31), Ca (1.44 ± 0.74), P (2.12 ± 1.23), and Si (0.75 ± 0.12). Inside eggshells, C (50.30 ± 1.48), O (20.05 ± 1.96), N (19.60 ± 2.71), S (1.24 ± 0.22), Na (1.21 ± 0.41), Ca (1.01 ± 0.31), and P (6.59 ± 1.61) were detected, whereas Si was not. These data may be important in facilitating species identification and diagnosis, by using the microstructure, ultrastructure, and elemental composition of this nematode. This report raises concerns that there may be a zoonotic transmission of nematodes from pythons to humans or pets.

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Published
2021-03-16
How to Cite
Ngamniyom, A., Wongroj, W., Karnchaisri, K., & Siriwattanarat, R. (2021). Ophidascaris baylisi (Nematoda: Ascarididae): Scanning Electron Microscopic Study of the Adult Surface with Ultrastructure and Chemical Composition Analysis of Eggshells. cience & echnology sia, 26(1), 189-198. etrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SciTechAsia/article/view/217682
Section
Biological sciences