Carbaryl Insecticide Decomposition after Application on Oyster and Jew’s Ear Mushrooms Cultivations

  • Jarongsak Pumnuan Department of Plant Production Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
  • Ammorn Insung Department of Plant Production Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
  • Sudjai Phutphat Faculty of Science, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520, Thailand
Keywords: Residue; Direct spray; Mushroom bag; GC-MS

Abstract

One of the major problems in the cultivation of oyster and Jew’s ear mushrooms is the damage from various insect and mite pests. Farmers occasionally used pesticides to control the pests, resulting in contamination of the product. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the decomposition of carbaryl insecticide found in oyster and Jew’s ear mushrooms. The carbaryl residue, in both mushrooms and on the associated growing bags, was then investigated. The carbaryl insecticide, at different concentrations (0, 850 (recommendation) and 1,700 ppm) was sprayed 2 times: 3 days before, and during the first cap opening. The samples were collected after final spraying on days 0, 1, 3 and 6. The samples were extracted and analyzed for carbaryl residues by GC-MS. The results showed that the oyster and Jew's ear mushrooms sprayed with the 850 ppm carbaryl had residue concentrations of less than 0.45 ppm on the 3rd day. Additionally, the growing bags presented carbaryl residues on day 0 with 1.86 and 0.13 ppm for oyster and Jew’s ear mushrooms, respectively. The experiment of 1,700 ppm carbaryl treatment resulted in residues on the 6th day that were less than 0.63 ppm. The contaminations observed in the oyster and Jew’s ear growing bags on day 0 were 3.75 and 0.80 ppm, respectively. Our study would recommend that in cases where carbaryl insecticide use in mushroom cultures is imperative, carbaryl application at the recommendation dose should be made 3 days before the harvesting period, in the interest of consumers safety.

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Published
2021-06-25
How to Cite
Pumnuan, J., Insung, A., & Phutphat, S. (2021). Carbaryl Insecticide Decomposition after Application on Oyster and Jew’s Ear Mushrooms Cultivations. Science & Technology Asia, 26(2), 169-175. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SciTechAsia/article/view/226885
Section
Biological sciences