The Effects of Sulfur, Calcium, Boron and Zinc on Leaf Characteristics and Fresh Fruit Bunch Yield of Oil Palm (Surat Thani 2 Var.) in Acid Sulfate Soil

  • Nur Hidayah Mohd Taupik Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Sarawut Rungmekarat Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Pasajee Kongsil Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Chalermpol Phumichai Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok 10900, Thailand
  • Yaowamarn Keawsaard Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakorn Si Thammarat Rajabhat University, Nakorn Si Thammarat 80280, Thailand
Keywords: Acidic soil, Flower sex, Leaf greenness, Oil palm, Trace elements

Abstract

Oil palm, Elaieis guineensis, is one of the major crops of the world. Since most oil palms are planted in acidic soil, there are several nutrient deficiencies that occur in the oil palm. In this study, the levels of four trace elements were observed in oil palms, to understand their effects on leaf characteristics, fresh fruit bunch yield and flower sex. The trace elements tracked were calcium (Ca)13.29% in combination with boron (B) 0.95%, as well as zinc (Zn)19% in combination with sulphur (S)13%. Based on the results, there were no significant differences observed at the beginning of the data collection period, especially on leaf characteristics, fresh fruit bunch yield and flower sex. However, at 5 months after trace element application, leaf greenness showed a significant difference, at 8 months, leaf size (thickness, width and leaflet width) also was significantly different. The highest rates of trace element application (Ca 13.29% and B 0.95% at 4g per plant and Zn 19% and S 13% at 4g per plant) were the most effective at increasing growth, but these same rates were not the best for improving fresh fruit bunch yield and flower sex.

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Published
2021-09-06
How to Cite
Nur Hidayah Mohd Taupik, Rungmekarat, S., Kongsil, P., Phumichai, C., & Keawsaard, Y. (2021). The Effects of Sulfur, Calcium, Boron and Zinc on Leaf Characteristics and Fresh Fruit Bunch Yield of Oil Palm (Surat Thani 2 Var.) in Acid Sulfate Soil. Science & Technology Asia, 26(3), 196-208. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SciTechAsia/article/view/239981
Section
Biological sciences