Removal of Copper from spiked Aqueous Solution Using Activated Carbon of Rice Husk

Authors

  • Shahin Azad Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Sembilan 71800, Malaysia, Department of General Educational Development, Faculty of Science & Information Technology, Daffodil International University, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 1341, Bangladesh
  • Mohd Sukri Hassan Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Sembilan 71800, Malaysia
  • M. Shahinuzzaman Department of Chemical Sciences, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor 43600, Malaysia
  • Syaza Azhari Faculty of Science & Technology, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Sembilan 71800, Malaysia

Keywords:

Adsorption, Copper, Rice husk, Wastewater treatment

Abstract

Reprocessing materials as an adsorbent derived from agricultural waste like rice husk has been broadly applied to eliminate hazardous substances from the environment. The main objective of this research was to produce activated carbon from the agricultural waste of rice husk using activating agents like zinc chloride (ZnCl2) (1:2 ratio) and to evaluate the efficiency of copper removal with lower dosage from spiked aqueous solution. The batch adsorption process showed that the adsorption process was dependent on dose, pH, concentration and contact time. Within 10 min for the initial concentration of (1-5mg/L), the copper was removed absolutely (~100%) and the adsorption quantity was good (~20.45mg/g) using 0.25g/L of activated carbon for 100 mL aqueous solution at pH 6. But at the equilibrium state, the copper removal percentage was slightly decreased and obtained (97-100 %). Adsorption isotherm was well fitted with Langmuir (R2= 0.9946) and Freundlich isotherm (R2= 0.9979). Moreover, the kinetic isotherm was closely fitted by the pseudo second-order model with the regression coefficient (R2~ 1). So, the activated carbon of rice husk can be used as an adsorbent to effectively reduce copper ion from wastewater.

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Published

2022-09-28

How to Cite

Shahin Azad, Mohd Sukri Hassan, M. Shahinuzzaman, & Syaza Azhari. (2022). Removal of Copper from spiked Aqueous Solution Using Activated Carbon of Rice Husk. Science & Technology Asia, 27(3), 69–84. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SciTechAsia/article/view/242482

Issue

Section

Physical sciences