Evaluation of Bioactive Composition and Phytochemical Profile of Macroalgae Gracilaria edulis and Acanthophora spicifera from the Banda Aceh Coast, Indonesia


  • Said Ali Akbar Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Hasan Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Aceh 23111, Indonesia


Acanthophora spicifera, Antibacterial, Antioxidant activity, Bioactive compounds, Gracilaria edulis


This study aimed to examine the metabolite profiles and phytochemical content of Gracilaria edulis and Acanthophora spicifera along the coast of Banda Aceh in Indonesia. The three attributes observed by this study were phytochemical composition, antioxidant scavenging, and in vivo metabolite profile by the use of Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), antioxidant activity test, and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) characterization, respectively. Extracts from both G. edulis and A. spicifera demonstrated high scavenging capability, with inhibition values of 42.59% and 39.81%, respectively. In both species, the GC-MS methodology was shown to be a quick, sensitive, and trustworthy way to monitor individual components and the entire chemical composition. In G. edulis, there were 29 phytochemical compounds, whereas in A. spicifera, there were 26 compounds. The ethanol extracts of G. edulis and A. spicifera were then subjected to an FTIR spectrum analysis. These findings at 3352 cm-1, 1654 cm-1, and 1019 cm-1 proved that alkanes, alkenes, and hydroxyl groups were present, corresponding to several compounds in the GC-MS measurement results. G. edulis and A. spicifera are potential antibacterial agents; the bioactive compounds conferring this activity are heptadecane, hexadecanoic acid, and other ester derivatives.


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How to Cite

Said Ali Akbar, & Hasan, M. (2024). Evaluation of Bioactive Composition and Phytochemical Profile of Macroalgae Gracilaria edulis and Acanthophora spicifera from the Banda Aceh Coast, Indonesia. Science & Technology Asia, 29(1), 194–207. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/SciTechAsia/article/view/251590



Biological sciences