Effect of Tool Rotational Speed and Traverse Speed on Friction Stir Welding of 3D-Printed Polylactic Acid Material
Keywords:Friction stir welding, PLA, Joining, 3D printing, Additive manufacturing, Tensile strength, Weld efficiency
Joining of polymers are usually carried out using adhesives that has a deteriorating quality at elevated working conditions thus limiting its application areas. Friction stir welding (FSW) is a growing solid-state welding technology, with applications including the welding of lightweight materials. FSW was recently introduced for joining thermoplastics materials and found successful. This study attempts in employing FSW to join polylactic acid (PLA)-based 3D printed engineering components and assess the effect of FSW process parameters (tool rotational speed and traverse speed) on the weld property. The present work uses the FSW process to butt weld 5 mm thick 3D printed PLA sheets with taper cylindrical profiled tool. For the experimentation, three different combinations of feed rates and pin rotational speeds are considered. Based on joint efficiency evaluation, it is found that tool rotational speed of 1400 rpm combined with 10 mm/min transverse speed produces the weld with high joint efficiency of 40%.
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