Foot Arch Posture Classification using Image Processing

Main Article Content

Wudhichart Sawangphol
Thanapon Noraset
Pilailuck Panphattarasap
Pisit Praiwattana
Praphawarin Sutthiratpanya
Nuengnuch Talanon
Kamolluk Tungsupanich
Danu Prommin


The foot arch is a key role in supporting the weight of the body and providing propulsion force during push-off, it enables a more natural and aesthetic gait and protects the foot from injury. An effective way to prevent injuries caused by abnormal foot arches is to use suitable personalized insoles. Personalized insoles can reduce and relieve the pain that caused by abnormal of the foot arches, which can be difficult to make for each particular type. Current methods of analyzing foot arches are manual calculation, which is time consuming and prone to human error. Therefore, the objective of this study is to classify foot arches posture and determine different foot arch types based on the foot scan image by develop an application to improve the analysis of personalized insole. As the result, our foot arch type classification gives the satisfied result at 87.5% comparing to the data classified by expert.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
W. Sawangphol, “Foot Arch Posture Classification using Image Processing”, JIST, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 75-82, Jun. 2021.
Research Article: Soft Computing (Detail in Scope of Journal)
Author Biographies

Thanapon Noraset, Mahidol University



Pilailuck Panphattarasap, Mahidol University




Pisit Praiwattana, Mahidol University




Praphawarin Sutthiratpanya, Mahidol University




Nuengnuch Talanon, Mahidol University




Kamolluk Tungsupanich, Mahidol University




Danu Prommin, National Metal and Materials Technology Center




[1] Z. Mei, K. Ivanov, G. Zhao, Y. Wu, M. Liu, and L. Wang, “Foot typeclassification using sensor-enabled footwear and 1d-cnn,” Measurement, vol. 165, pp. 108184, 2020.

[2] Y. M. Golightly, M. T. Hannan, A. B. Dufour, and J. M. Jordan, “Racialdifferences in foot disorders and foot type,”Arthritis care & research, vol. 64, pp. 1756–1759, 2012.

[3] Foot and Ankle Clinic of the Virginias, “What are the risk of cavus foot(higharches)?,” Foot and Ankle Clinic of the Virginias. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Jan. 20, 2021].

[4] W. Morrison and A. Felman, “What’s to know about flat feet?,” Healthline Media UK Ltd, 2018. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Jan. 20, 2021].

[5] G. S.Murley, H. B.Menz, and K. B.Landorf, “A protocol for classifyingnormal-and flat-arched foot posture for research studies using clinicaland radiographic measurements.” Journal of foot and ankle research, vol. 2, pp. 1-13, 2009.

[6] M. S. Jian, J. H. Shen, Y. C. Chen, C. C. Chang, Y. C. Fang,C. C.Chen, and W. H. Chen,“Cloud image processing and analysisbasedflatfoot classification method,” International Journal of Computers, vol. 8, pp. 90-98,2014.

[7] H. B.Menz, M. R.Fotoohabadi, E. Wee, and M. J. Spink, “Visualcategorisation of the arch index: a simplified measure of foot posture inolder people,” Journal of foot and ankle research, vol. 5, pp. 1-7, 2012.

[8] B. J. Příhonská, “Analysis of foot typology in basketball players,” M. S. thesis, Masaryk University, Czechia, Czech Republic, 2018.

[9] Python Software Foundation, “Python,” Python Software Foundation, 2021. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: Jan. 20, 2021].

[10] M Grinberg, Flask web development: developing web applications with python, O’Reilly Media, Inc., 2018.