SIMPLIFIED DESIGN METHODS FOR PREQUALIFIED SEISMIC MOMENT CONNECTIONS USED IN A STEEL FRAMED STRUCTURE

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Wonsiri Punurai
Pawit Sorthananusak
Khanathip Prabuntrarik
Chatchawan Phuangruangsri
Naphat Yamapai

Abstract

Extended end plate moment connections consist of a plate welded to the end of a beam that is used to splice another beam or used to bolt to the flange of a column in steel structures. These connections show different behaviors due to the influence of plate thicknesses, gauge distances, and diameters of high strength bolts. The second edition of AISC Design Guide 4 provides design procedures and examples for the evaluation of stiffness and strength of the three prequalified connections: 4E, 4ES and 8ES.  The Guide recommends the use of a thick plate with small diameter bolts which leads to no prying forces. The yield line calculations of column and beam flanges can therefore subsequently be carried out. To the casual observer the selection of bolts for prequalified connections should be simple. In reality this is a difficult task.  Designers must minimize time while maintaining a good selection of bolt sizes to be used with the connections.  Geometrical details of the elements such as beams, columns, or end plates must be carefully selected while keeping adequate shear and moment strengths.  The aim of this paper is to provide simplified design charts that offer a rapid means of selection of bolt diameter and identification of hot-rolled steel sections of the connected elements as well as selection of the geometrical features to be assigned to the connections in order to satisfy the minimum performance requirements as required by the Design Guide when subjected to wind and seismic loads. An example case study is used to demonstrate the use of the design charts.

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References

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