Survey of the Pasteur’s Quadrant Model in the Planning of Research and Technical Education


  • Yasuo Watanabe Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi


use-inspired basic research, pasteur’s quadrant, stem, arpa-ed


This paper reports the results of the survey on (a) use-inspired basic research also known as Pasteur’s quadrant, in which research pursues both goals of understanding and use, and (b) the effort of U.S. Department of Education to innovate science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) education by adoption of Pasteur’s quadrant.


Donald E. Stokes, Pasteur’s Quadrant : Basic Science and Technological Innovation. Brookings Institution Press, 1997. Stokes died of acute leukemia in 1997, after having put the final touches on this manuscript. At the time of his death, he was professor of politics and public affairs in the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University.

Russell Shilling, “The Case for Education Moon Shots”. Scientific American, Vol. 312, No. 4, pp. 10, April 2015. Shilling is executive director of STEM at the U.S. Department of Education. He and his group have publicized articles on ARPA-ED and Pasteur’s quadrant.

Winning the Education Future. from http// files/arpa-ed-background.pd March 8, 2011.

Creating an Engine for Breakthrough Innovation in STEM education. from http// Bush, Science – The Endless Frontier : A Report to the President on a Program for Postwar Scientific Research. Washington : National Science Foundation, reprinted 1990. Stokes, Pasteur’s, pp. 3.

Ibid., pp. 3 - 4.

Ibid., pp. 23 - 24, 54 - 57.

Ibid., pp.12 - 14.

Ibid., pp. 72 - 75.

Ibid., pp. 77.

Ibid., pp. 87 - 88.

Ibid., pp. 83.

H.R. 700 – 113th Congress (2013-2014), from http// congress/house-bill/700.