An Optimization of Moisture Losses and Drying Properties of Orange Peel Reinforcement for Composite Fabrication Using the Taguchi Method

doi: 10.14456/mijet.2022.12


  • Oluwaseyi Ayodele Ajibade University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Johnson Olumuyiwa Agunsoye University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
  • Sunday Oke University of Lagos


Orange peels, Taguchi method, factor levels, method of means, percentage improvement


Moisture content evaluation is a primary method in the processing and testing of agro-based reinforcement during composite preparation since the moisture content of reinforcement is of direct economic significance to the composite developer. However, its optimization has been of interest to its stakeholders. Unfortunately, the classical Taguchi method which has been extensively applied in the composite industry still suffers some shortcomings, including its heavy reliance on the traditional mean method of averaging values during computations. This unfortunately leads to wrong information and deficiencies in decision making. To conquer these deficiencies, three new methods of averaging, namely, the geometric, harmonic and quadratic means have been proposed. Some evidence has been found that all three alternative means could replace the average method. The harmonic is the best for economic consideration. In addition, for the percentage improvement of optimal values of the parameters, the principal results confirmed that in scenarios 1 to 3, positive results were obtained except scenario 4 when the index comparing the current to the base method was evaluated. Important improvements in composite fabrications and design could be made with the information provided in this for research engineers.


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