Design and Development of Electric Tractor using Simple Remote Control
Keywords:Electric tractor, remote control, soil plowing, Design and Development
This article presents design and development of a simple remote-controlled electric tractor used for plowing the soil. The tractor was designed to have a 1kW powerful soil blender and 4 wheels with dual 250W dc motor drives for sharp turning (0-360 degrees at fixed point) capacity and running speed upto 11 km/hr. A set of 12V 50Ahr battery was used to supply the soil blending motor while two sets of 12V 40Ahr batteries were used to supply the running motors. The tractor prototype was tested by plowing the soil with different blending power rates of 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100% while running at different speeds of 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 km/hr. The test results showed that the best power rates for soil blender of the tractor prototype were 80%, 60% and 100%, respectively with respect to achieve optimum performance between plowing quality and low power consumption operation. The tractor performed the best plowing quality while retaining good direction control when running at the speed between 7-9 km/hr. The average operation time period for the tractor was between 5-7 hours per one full charging.
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