Study of Visibility Indices of Traditional Japanese Horizontal Blind “Sudare” Based on the Illuminance Different Level Using Physical and Digital Image Experiment

  • Agus Hariyadi Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Hiroatsu Fukuda Faculty of Environmental Engineering, The University of Kitakyushu
Keywords: Façade, Visibility, lluminance, Blind, Efficient energy

Abstract

Sudare is a traditional Japanese blind made from bamboo. It has been used in Japanese houses for a long time, especially in summer. Its original function was to prevent direct solar radiation from entering a room, and to introduce outside air into a room at the same time. As an element of building, Sudare has the other function of creating space for different activities that need different levels of privacy. The characteristic form of Sudare makes it possible to see objects outside the house. During daytime, it is possible to see clearly the outside environment from inside but still maintain privacy from outside to inside. The privacy level is determined by the visibility level between each space, or from outside to inside, which are separated by partitions. At the same time, Sudare as a shading device can reduce thermal energy consumption.

This study aims to evaluate the effect of the diameter, spacer, scale, and whiteness of Sudare on the level of visibility by comparing people’s responses by means of a questionnaire using physical and digital images experiment with different conditions of illuminance level.

The results of the questionnaire using physical and digital image experiments indicate that both the experiments showed the same trend. The illuminance ratio is the main factor that affects the visibility value. A higher ratio of illuminance difference between the observer’s room and the object room will increase the value of visibility. The physical characteristics of Sudare (diameter, spacer, and scale) also influence the visibility value. Small scale Sudare have a better visibility value in a low illuminance ratio whereas large scale Sudare have better visibility value in high illuminance. High visibility value can be achieved when the illuminance ratio is more than 4.30.

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Published
2018-01-31
How to Cite
Hariyadi, A., & Fukuda, H. (2018). Study of Visibility Indices of Traditional Japanese Horizontal Blind “Sudare” Based on the Illuminance Different Level Using Physical and Digital Image Experiment. nternational ournal of uilding, rban, nterior and andscape echnology (BUILT), 9, 15-24. etrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BUILT/article/view/110716