Comparing the Efficiency of Urban Components in Proximity to Transit Service Area
Mass transit plays a key role as a sustainable alternative to alleviate traffic congestion problems, especially in Bangkok, the capital of Thailand. To promote urban expansion around the concept of polycentric development, urban areas should maximize their utilization of transit oriented development. To incorporate several contributing factors into the design of efficient and effective transportation development, this study attempted to assess the multidimensional aspects of transit services in terms of attractiveness and accessibility in proximity to transit stations. By selecting three transit stations in Bangkok as case studies, the usefulness of the methodology was verified by using the results of both quantitative and qualitative approaches to demonstrate different typology of transit stations. The results reveal that finding the correct balance of land and non-land uses to achieve various mobility and environmental objectives remains a significant public policy challenge. Moreover, the study recommends planning improvements for promoting patronage of public transport systems whilst reducing the need for and use of private vehicles. It also supports policies for sustainable mass transit development.