Investigation on Physical Distancing Measures for COVID-19 Mitigation of Rail Operation in Bangkok, Thailand

  • Somsiri Siewwuttanagul The Cluster of Logistics and Rail Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University, 73170 Thailand
  • Supawadee Kamkliang The Cluster of Logistics and Rail Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Mahidol University, 73170 Thailand
  • Wantana Prapaporn Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 840-8502 Japan
Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, metro operation, physical distancing, public transportation, risk of virus transmission

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic is the global health crisis as the World Health Organization (WHO) declared a pandemic on 11th April 2020. The most common solution is physical distancing which refer to avoid close contact with another people by keeping physical space from others. COVID-19 pandemic is challenging the mass transit services where usually crowded by the passengers. While, there is a requirement of an effort to save lives and stop spreading the virus but metro transit still need to provide its service to people in need. Although the metro operators in Bangkok have a quick response to this pandemic by implement a physical distancing measures at the station and in the passenger car but effective level of these measures are still questioning. This study compares the physical distancing data that surveyed during COVID-19 pandemic and the close contact transmission by breathing which defined the risking distance. The study investigates the passenger level of infection risk from close contact transmission by breathing during the time at the metro station based on the location that activities take place in the metro station as concourse level, platform level, and in the passenger car during commute. The results show the risk of infection at metro station and in the passenger comparing among 3 metro operators in Bangkok city as Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS), Metropolitan Rapid Transit (MRT), and Airport Rail Link (ARL).

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Siewwuttanagul, S., Kamkliang, S., & Prapaporn, W. (2020). Investigation on Physical Distancing Measures for COVID-19 Mitigation of Rail Operation in Bangkok, Thailand. nternational ournal of uilding, rban, nterior and andscape echnology (BUILT), 15, 93-102. etrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BUILT/article/view/240768
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Articles