Resilient Home Design for A Coastal Community of Baan Khun Samut Chin, Samutprakan

  • Srisak Phattanawasin Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand
  • Wisan Boonlue Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12121, Thailand
Keywords: Resilient Home Design Prototype, Coastal Erosion Problem, Baan Khun Samut Chin Community, Adaptation

Abstract

Over the last 50 years, Baan Khun Samut Chin village in Samutprakan has long struggled against the rapid erosion of their coastline along the Upper Gulf of Thailand and the forthcoming loss of their entire territory. This serious problem affected to economics, society, way of life, and especially an existence of coastal community. This research proposed an experimental prototype of resilient house design to confront the erosion disaster for the Baan Khun Samut Chin community. By analyzing the problems of physical environment, social, culture, economic factors and construction techniques along with site surveying as well as reviewing theories and other related design projects, the architectural design concept with appropriate solutions was proposed. The proposed design concepts were including 1) durable design by integrating the floating platform of buoyancy structure above the flood line to the fixed structural 4-stilts supporting the light-weight roof, 2) resilient design for 3-meters sea level rising in next 30 years, and 3) low-cost design by choosing local materials and modular coordinating to prefabricated size of building elements. The experimental design of resilient home is expected to be a solution for Baan Khun Samut Chin community and those communities facing the same issues and government agencies with an urgent need for a ready and effective remedy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Department of Marine and Coastal Resources. (2018). Coastal Erosion Situation Data 2018. in Coastal Erosion Situation Processing Report 2018. Bangkok: Department of Marine and Coastal Resources and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand. pp. 3-4.
Jarupongsakul, Thanawat. (2012). "Preventive Construction Against Coastal Erosion" in Khun Samut Chin 49A2: Problem Solution Prototype for Mudflats Coastal Erosion. (2nd Edition). Bangkok: Thailand Research Fund (TRF). pp. 15-17.
Kengsamut, Witsanu. the village chief of Baan Khun Samut Chin, (2019). interviewed by Boonlue, Wisan. at Baan Khun Samut Chin village, Mu 9, Tambon Laem Fa Pha, Phra Samut Chedi district, Samut Prakan Province. interview date on November 12, 2019.
Kosit, Sutee. (2016). Life Style of Fishermen in Baan Khun Samut Chin. in Journal of Social Science and Buddhistic Anthropology, Phranakhon Si Ayutthaya Rajabhat University, 2016. pp. 206-211.
Kulpraneet, Amornpun. (2013). "Coastal Household Adaptation Cost Requirements to Sea Level Rise Impacts". in Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change: Journal Vol. 18:285-302. refer in Kulpraneet, A. (2016). Cost Estimation for Expenditures in Household Adaptation from Sea Level Rise Impacts in Next 30-years. in 2nd Thailand Climate Change Knowledge Synthesis and Knowledge Assessment Report. Bangkok: Thailand Research Fund’s Research and Development and Co-ordination Center for Global Warming and Climate Change – T-GLOB). pp. 187.
Skinner, G. William. (1957). Chinese Society in Thailand : An Analytical History. Ithaca N.Y.: Cornell University Press. (2005. translated in Thai version by Chatpholarak, P. and others, edited by Charnvit Kasetsiri) pp. 52-67.
THAI PBS NEWS. (2019). "Baan Khun Samut School feared to be closed: 6 students and only one teacher left in the middle of the sea". on June 29, 2019. by THAI PUBLIC BROADCASTING SERVICE. Retrieved on July 12, 2019. from https://news.thaipbs.or.th/content/281262.
The Association of Siamese Architects under Royal Patronage (ASA). (2020). "Long Lasting Home (No) Land" in ASA EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN COMPETITION 2020. Retrieved on October 1, 2020. from https://www.asacompetition.com/post/long-lasting-home-no-land.
The Sphere Handbook. (2018). Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response, 2018. Retrieved on January 8, 2020. from https://spherestandards.org/wp-content/uploads/Sphere-Handbook-2018-EN.pdf.
Urban Development Planning Division of Bangkok Metropolitan Area (2013). Report of Coastal Erosion Situation and Sea Level Rise due to Climate Change. Bangkok: Assessment Report on Planning Control of Bangkok Metropolitan Area (BMA).
Published
2021-06-27
How to Cite
Phattanawasin, S., & Boonlue, W. (2021). Resilient Home Design for A Coastal Community of Baan Khun Samut Chin, Samutprakan. International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology (BUILT), 17, 53-66. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BUILT/article/view/243443
Section
Articles