Technical Approaches of PM2.5 Control for Spatial Design in Thailand

  • Jitiporn Wongwatcharapaiboon Design, Business and Technology Management, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Thammasat University Pathumthani, 12121 Thailand
  • Saffa B. Riffat Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering, Nottingham, NG7 2RD,University of Nottingham, UK
Keywords: PM2.5 controls, design approaches, Thailand situations, air purifier techniques

Abstract

According to the PM2.5 situation in Thailand, the monitoring of dust concentration has been exceeding 100 mg/m3 for longer a month period. This level is harmful to all local livings standardized by National Ambient Air Quality standards (NAAQs) and World Health Organization (WHO). However, this problem is specific to the location in terms of tropical climate, geographical land, existing policy, and people behaviors. Social intervention reviews are separately concerned in another research part of the study series. Thus, this paper aims to find suitable PM2.5 purification and techniques matched to the tropical climate and high concentration conditions. Environmental factors, probably affect PM2.5 situations, are considered in priority. Systematic reviews of different techniques are literally analyzed and synthesized for optimum benefits to local applicants, further research, and case studies in teaching classes. The results are scoped to three levels of living conditions from the outdoor situation for landscape study to architectural integration for architecture study and indoor applicable functions for interior designer study. For outdoor approaches, well connectivity of information in terms of Internet of Things (IoTs) and smart satellite technology are mainly concerned to provide accuracy and reliability when planting landscape in city is proved to reduce PM2.5. In the case of architectural scale, the details of technical and chemical approaches can support physical approaches for design. Lastly, interior scale concerning air pollution is exemplified for further space design. Suggestions, installations and cautions of applications are perhaps included in each specific session.

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Author Biography

Saffa B. Riffat, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering, Nottingham, NG7 2RD,University of Nottingham, UK

Renewable energy and energy efficient systems. Air quality and pollution. Building environment. Refrigeration. Air conditioning. Heat pumps. Absorption systems. Ventilation.

For more information about Professor Riffat please visit hisĀ webpage.

Published
2021-06-27
How to Cite
Wongwatcharapaiboon, J., & Riffat, S. B. (2021). Technical Approaches of PM2.5 Control for Spatial Design in Thailand . International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology (BUILT), 17, 7-16. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/BUILT/article/view/243885
Section
Article Review