Technical Approaches of PM2.5 Control for Spatial Design in Thailand
According to the PM2.5 situation in Thailand, the monitoring of dust concentration has been exceeding 100 mg/m3 for longer a month period. This level is harmful to all local livings standardized by National Ambient Air Quality standards (NAAQs) and World Health Organization (WHO). However, this problem is specific to the location in terms of tropical climate, geographical land, existing policy, and people behaviors. Social intervention reviews are separately concerned in another research part of the study series. Thus, this paper aims to find suitable PM2.5 purification and techniques matched to the tropical climate and high concentration conditions. Environmental factors, probably affect PM2.5 situations, are considered in priority. Systematic reviews of different techniques are literally analyzed and synthesized for optimum benefits to local applicants, further research, and case studies in teaching classes. The results are scoped to three levels of living conditions from the outdoor situation for landscape study to architectural integration for architecture study and indoor applicable functions for interior designer study. For outdoor approaches, well connectivity of information in terms of Internet of Things (IoTs) and smart satellite technology are mainly concerned to provide accuracy and reliability when planting landscape in city is proved to reduce PM2.5. In the case of architectural scale, the details of technical and chemical approaches can support physical approaches for design. Lastly, interior scale concerning air pollution is exemplified for further space design. Suggestions, installations and cautions of applications are perhaps included in each specific session.
Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Building, Urban, Interior and Landscape Technology (BUILT)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.