Effects of basic life support training program on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and basic life support performance of village health volunteers

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Wanpen Waelveerakup


Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is the leading cause of death worldwide. Performing basic life support immediately can decrease the mortality rate. The purpose of this quasi-experimental, one group pre-post-test design was to compare knowledge related to basic life support, perceived self-efficacy in a basic life support and basic life support performance among village health volunteers before and after participating in the basic life support training program which applied self-efficacy theory. The participants were 37 village health volunteers of Nong Ngu Luam sub-district, Nakhon Pathom Province. These volunteers met the inclusion criteria and were purposively selected into the study during September to October 2018. The participants received the basic life support training program including receiving classroom lectures related to basic life support and receiving training for promoting perceived self-efficacy via the following methods. These were through life role model, practical CPR training, verbal persuasion and identification of symptoms indicating conditions which need treatment. The knowledge related basic life support, perceived self-efficacy in basic life support, and basic life support performance were evaluated at baseline and immediately following the training. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and the paired samples t-test. Results showed that a mean score of knowledge related basic life support, perceived self-efficacy in basic life support performing, and basic life support performance after participated the program were significantly higher than before participating the program (pvalue < 0.001). The results also revealed that all participants passed the minimum test criteria for basic life support performance. The results demonstrated that the basic life support training program is an effective program. It is therefore concluded that this program should be implemented in another similar contexts in the community in order to save the life of casualties who experience out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

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Waelveerakup, W. (2019). Effects of basic life support training program on knowledge, perceived self-efficacy, and basic life support performance of village health volunteers. Interdisciplinary Research Review, 14(5), 25–30. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jtir/article/view/224985
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