Heuristic Approach for Location Planning of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations on Thailand Highway Network Systems

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Pavee Siriruk
Proynun Nomai


Thailand is in the beginning phase of introducing electric vehicle technology. The chief barriers of introducing electric vehicles to consumers are insufficient charging stations. The provision of building enough charging stations plays an important role in the success of promoting electric vehicles. Since building a charging station is costly, the best approach is to install charging stations on optimal locations to provide adequate recharging services and minimizing total investment. In this research, the problem of selecting charging station locations, as well as minimizing the total number of charging stations, is considered. Multi-class electric vehicles with various driving ranges are included in the model. As electric vehicles have short driving ranges, the charging stations must cover the entire route. The heuristic approach of selecting charging stations, based on multi-class electric vehicles, is introduced. The proposed algorithm minimizes the number of charging stations that cover entire route. A case study of selecting charging stations on highways from Bangkok to the North-Eastern region of Thailand with 21 possible charging stations is considered. The multi-class electric vehicle has driving ranges of 120 km, 200 km, and 300 kilometers. The results showed that solutions are obtained. Fifteen locations of EV charging stations were selected to construct. These selected EV charging station locations assured that electric vehicles with all three different driving ranges will not run out of battery when traveling in the region. The results can be used to guide government-funded infrastructure.

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บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


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