Assessment of Surrogate of Ecosystem Health Using Indicator Species and Mixed-Species Bird Flock DOI: 10.32526/ennrj.17.3.2019.18

Main Article Content

Nurul L. Winarni
Nuruliawati Nuruliawati
Zahrah Afifah

Abstract

Investigation of the use of indicator species as a surrogate for ecosystem health was conducted during 2014 in the periphery of the Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Lampung, Indonesia. The survey area composed of forest, edge, and agricultural areas in three sites at the Pemerihan village. We used point count for bird surveys within 1 km transect to obtain the data and ad-libitum observation for mixed-species bird flock. The analysis was made by using Indicator Value (IV) to select the potential indicator species which complemented how mixed-flock groups formed at the sites and further analyzed by using principal component analysis. Among 127 species recorded, one species has been identified with high IV (IV>60) and 15 species have intermediate IV (30<IV<60). Our results suggested that Sooty-headed Bulbuls Pycnonotus aurigaster are the species with the highest IV which are exploiter species and indicator for agricultural gardens. Moreover, none of the birds with highest IV overlap among habitats, which indicate that proportions are very specific in terms of habitat types. Based on principal component analysis, mixed-flocks tend to comprise of edge-to-forest species and formed at edge which may indicate food availability in the area.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
L. Winarni, N., Nuruliawati, N., & Afifah, Z. (2019). Assessment of Surrogate of Ecosystem Health Using Indicator Species and Mixed-Species Bird Flock: DOI: 10.32526/ennrj.17.3.2019.18. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 17(3), 11-18. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ennrj/article/view/178198
Section
Original Research Articles

References

1. Afifah Z. The Potential for Interspecific Interaction of Insectivorous Birds in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park Lampung Sumatera [dissertation]. Depok, University Indonesia; 2014.

2. Bibby CJ, Burgess ND, Hill DA. Bird Census Technique. 2nd ed. London: Academic Press; 2000.

3. Carignan V, Villard MA. Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: A review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 2002;78(1):45-61.

4. Chase MK, Kristan WB, Lynam AJ, Price MV, Rotenberry JT. Single species as indicators of species richness and composition in California coastal sage scrub birds and small mammals. Conservation Biology 2000;14(2):474-87.

5. Dale S, Mork K, Solvang R, Plumptre AJ. Edge effects on the understory bird community in a logged forest in Uganda. Conservation Biology 2000;14:265-76.

6. Develey PF, Peres CA. Resource seasonality and the structure of mixed species bird flocks in a coastal Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil. Journal of Tropical Ecology 2000;16(1):33-53.

7. Dufrene M, Legendre P. Species assemblages and indicator species: The need for a flexible asymmetrical approach. Ecological Monographs 1997;67:345-66.

8. Ford HA, Barrett GW, Saunders DA, Recher HF. Why have birds in the woodlands of southern Australia declined? Biological Conservation 2001;97:71-88.

9. Gardner T. Monitoring Forest Biodiversity. London and New York: Earthscan; 2010.
10. Gaveau DLA. The root causes of deforestation near Pemerihan River bordering Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, West Lampung. Berita Biologi 2007;8:279-90.

11. Greig‐Smith PW. The formation, structure and function of mixed‐species insectivorous bird flocks in West African savanna woodland. International Journal of Avian Science 1978;120(3):284-97.

12. Holmes RT, Bonney RE Jr, Pacala SW. Guild structure of the hubbard brook bird community: A multivariate approach. Ecology 1979;60:512-20.

13. Holmes RT, Recher HF. Determinants of guild structure in forest bird communities: An intercontinental comparison. The Condor 1986;88:427-39.

14. Kati V, Dufreˆne M, Legakis A, Grill A, Lebrun P. Conservation management for Orthoptera in the Dadia reserve, Greece. Biological Conservation 2004;115(1): 33-44.

15. Kremen C. Assessing the indicator properties of species assemblages for natural areas monitoring. Ecological Applications 1992;2(2):203-17.

16. Laurance SG. Responses of understory rain forest birds to road edges in central amazonia. Ecological Applications 2004;14:1344-57.

17. Lee TM, Soh MC, Sodhi N, Koh LP, Lim SL. Effects of habitat disturbance on mixed species bird flocks in a tropical sub-montane rainforest. Biological Conservation 2005;122:193-204.

18. Maldonado-Coelho M, Marini MA. Mixed-species bird flocks from Brazilian Atlantic forest: The effects of forest fragmentation and seasonality on their size, richness and stability. Biological Conservation 2004;116(1):19-26.

19. Marthy W. Mixed-species Bird Flocks in Sumatra's Lowland Forests [dissertation]. Canberra: The Australian National University; 2005.

20. Marthy W. Komposisi kelompok mitra apesies burung di way canguk, taman nasional bukit barisan selatan, Lampung, Sumatera [dissertation]. Depok: University Indonesia; 1998. (in Indonesian)

21. Martin P, Bateson P. Measuring Behavior. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1986.

22. Morse DH. Ecological aspects of some mixed‐species foraging flocks of birds. Ecological Monographs 1970; 40(1):119-68.

23. Noss RF. Indicators for monitoring biodiversity: A hierarchical approach. Conservation Biology 1990; 4:355-64.

24. Nuruliawati, Winarni NL. Bird Species Composition in Response of Edge Effect at the Edge of Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Lampung. International Wildlife Symposium; 2014.

25. O'Brien TG, Kinnaird MF. Birds and mammals of the Bukit Barisan Selatan national park, Sumatra, Indonesia. Oryx 1996;30:207-17.

26. Powell GV. Sociobiology and adaptive significance of interspecific foraging flocks in the Neotropics. Ornithological Monographs 1985;36:713-32.

27. Ramadhan J, Winarni NL. Habitat comparison of Cynopterus fruit bats at Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia. Taprobanica: The Journal of Asian Biodiversity 2015;7:67-70.

28. Raman TR, Sukumar R. Responses of tropical rainforest birds to abandoned plantations, edges and logged forest in the Western Ghats, India. Animal Conservation 2002;5:201-16.

29. Rapport DJ, Costanza R, McMichael AJ. Assessing ecosystem health. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 1998;13(10):397-402.

30. Slik JF, Keßler PJ, Van Welzen PC. Macaranga and Mallotus species (Euphorbiaceae) as indicators for disturbance in the mixed lowland dipterocarp forest of East Kalimantan (Indonesia). Ecological Indicators 2003;2(4):311-24.

31. Sodhi NS. A comparison of bird communities of two fragmented and two continuous Southeast Asian rainforests. Biodiversity and Conservation 2002;11(6):1105-19.

32. Stutchbury BJ, Morton ES. Behavioral Ecology of Tropical Birds. Academic Press; 2001.

33. Thiollay JM. Responses of an avian community to rain forest degradation. Biodiversity and Conservation 1999;8:513-34.

34. Venier LA, Pearce JL. Boreal bird community response to jack pine forest succession. Forest Ecology and Management 2005;217(1):19-36.

35. Williams-Linera G. Vegetation structure and environmental conditions of forest edges in Panama. The Journal of Ecology 1990;78(2):356-73.

36. Winarni NL, O'Brien TG, Carroll JP, Kinnaird MF. Movements, distribution and abundance of great argus pheasants (Argusianus argus) in a Sumatran rainforest. The Auk 2009;126:341-50.

37. Winarni NL, Wijoyo IS. Birds as provider of ecosystem services at Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park, Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Natural History 2014;2(2):17-26.