Farmer’s Perception and Factors Influencing Adoption of Adaptation Measures to Cope with Climate Change: An Evidence from Coastal Bangladesh 10.32526/ennrj/21/202200186

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Hassan Md. Naveed Anzum
Tapos Kumar Chakraborty
Himel Bosu


Farmers in the south-west coastal Bangladesh are frequently affected by climate change due to their proximity to the Bay of Bengal and heavy reliance on agriculture for their livelihoods. In this case, farmers need to know the best implementation methods (adaptation strategies) to reduce crop losses in a changing climate. The present research evaluated the perceptions of farmers to climate change and determine the socio-economic factors which influence the farmers in choosing the right adaptation decisions. Data were collected through close-ended and open-ended structured questionnaire from 52 coastal households and analyzed through descriptive statistics and logistic regression using SPSS V.16. Results revealed that almost all farmers perceived increasing temperature and changes in rainfall patterns over the last 15 years. In response to a changing climate, farmers adopted 13 adaptation strategies where irrigation ranked the first and crop insurance was the last. The logit analysis suggests that household age, education, family income, family member, farm size, farming experience, organizational participations, and training received have a significant influence on farmer’s adaptation choices. Despite various support and technological interventions being available, changing weather, natural disaster pattern, lower income, and lack of credit facilities ranked as the highest problems farmers encountered during adaptation. This study helps to identify important household characteristics that can be applied in the future to formulate and implement a successful adaptation policy. Finally, this study recommends that effective training and early warning systems and provision of credit and market access facilities are necessary to enhance farmer’s resilience to climate change.

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Anzum, H. M. N., Chakraborty, T. K., & Bosu, H. (2023). Farmer’s Perception and Factors Influencing Adoption of Adaptation Measures to Cope with Climate Change: An Evidence from Coastal Bangladesh: 10.32526/ennrj/21/202200186. Environment and Natural Resources Journal, 21(2), 113–126. Retrieved from
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