Distribution of large microplastics and mesoplastics in sand of Bangsaen and Wonnapha beaches, Chonburi province

Main Article Content

Ratiwun Suwattanamala
Khemika Saenjamroen
Natchanan Yongmethakul
Phonjira Anan
Pornchanok Mameeket


The objective of this study was to survey the distribution of large microplastics (size 1- <5 mm.) and mesoplastics (size 5-25 mm.) in the sand of Bangsaen and Wonnapha beaches, Chonburi province. It was a cross-sectional survey research. Sample collection was conducted in the rainy season (June 2022). The results revealed that the plastic particles occurred at every sampling site along Bangsaen and Wonnapha beaches. At Bangsaen beach, large microplastics and mesoplastics were found in the form of fragments, lines, and films. The majority of plastic particles were green. At Wonnapha beach, the shapes of large microplastics and mesoplastics were classified as EPS foam and fragment particles. The majority of plastic items were white. The findings of this research provide background data that will be useful for future monitoring and surveillance of microplastic and mesoplastic contamination.

Article Details

How to Cite
Suwattanamala, R., Saenjamroen, K., Yongmethakul, N., Anan, P., & Mameeket, P. (2024). Distribution of large microplastics and mesoplastics in sand of Bangsaen and Wonnapha beaches, Chonburi province. Journal of Science and Technology, Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, 7(1), 56–72. Retrieved from https://ph02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jstrmu/article/view/252402
Research Articles
Author Biographies

Ratiwun Suwattanamala, Burapha university

Office of educational affairs, Faculty of public health

Khemika Saenjamroen, Burapha university

Faculty of public health

Natchanan Yongmethakul, Burapha university

Faculty of public health

Phonjira Anan, คณะสาธารณสุขศาสตร์

Faculty of public health

Pornchanok Mameeket, Burapha university

Faculty of public health


Andrady, A.L. (2011). Microplastics in the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 62,1596–1605. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.030

Andrady, A.L. (2017). The plastic in microplastics: A review. Marine Pollution Bulletin,119(1),1596–1605. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.01.082

Bissen, R., & Chawchai, S. (2020). Microplastics on beaches along the eastern Gulf of Thailand – A preliminary study. Marine Pollution Bulletin,157, 111345. doi: 1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111345

Buranapratheprat, A., Sojisuporn, P., Suwannarach, T., & Jintasaeranee, P. (2015). Wave analysis at Bangsaen beach, Chonburi province. Burapha Science, 20(2), 131 – 139. [in Thai]

Cozzarini, L., Buoninsegni, J., Corbau, C., & Lughi, V. (2023). Characterization of large microplastic debris in beach sediments in the Po Delta Area. Microplastics,2(1), 147-157. doi: 10.3390/microplastics2010011

Crawford, C.B., & Quinn, B. (2017). Microplastic Identification Techniques. Microplastic Pollutants, 219-267. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809406-8.00010-4

de Carvalho, D.G., & Baptista Neto, J.A. (2016). Microplastic pollution of the beaches of Guanabara Bay, Southeast Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management, 10-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2016.04.009

Edo, C., Tamayo-Belda, M., Martínez-Campos, S., Martín-Betancor, K., González-Pleiter, M., Pulido-Reyes, G., et al. (2019). Occurrence and identification of microplastics along a beach in the biosphere reserve of Lanzarote. Marine Pollution Bulletin,143, 220–227. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2019.04.061

Fangsrikum, K., Paibulkichakul, C., & Paibulkichakul, B. (2021). Study on the amount of microplastics in blue swimming crab around Map Ta Phut industrial estate, Mueang Rayong district, Rayong province. Khon Kaen agriculture journal (suppl.1),165-171.

Gago, J., Filgueiras, A., Pedrotti, M.L., Caetano, M., & Frias, J. (2018). Standardised Protocol for Monitoring Microplastics in Seawater. JPI-Oceans BASEMAN project.

Herrera A., Asensio, M., Martínez, I., Santana, A., Packard, T., & Gómez, M. (2018). Microplastic and tar pollution on three Canary Islands beaches: An annual study. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 129(2), 494-502. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.10.020

Hidalgo-Ruz, V., Gutow, L., Thompson, R. C., & Thiel, M. (2012). Microplastics in the marine environment: A review of the methods used for identification and quantification. Environmental Science and Technology, 46(6),3060–3075. doi: 10.1021/es2031505

Hydrographic department, Royal Thai navy. (2022). Tide table Thai water Mae Nam Chaophraya -Gulf of Thailand - Andaman sea. A.D.2022. Royal Thai navy. [in Thai]

Karlsson T. M., Vethaak, A. D., Almroth, B. C., Ariese, F., van Velzen, M., Hassellöv, et al. (2017). Screening for microplastics in sediment, water, marine invertebrates and fish: Method development and microplastic accumulation. Marine Pollution Bulletin,122,403-408. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.06.081

Lee, J., Hong, S., Song, K.Y., Hong, S. H., Jang, Y. C., Jang, M., et al. (2013). Relationships among the abundances of plastic debris in different size classes on beaches in South Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin,77,349–354. doi: 10.1016/j.mar polbul.201 3.08.013

Lee, J., Lee Jy., Hong, S., Hong, S. H., Shim, W. J., & Eo, S. (2017). Characteristics of meso-sized plastic marine debris on 20 beaches in Korea. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 123, 92-96. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.020

Mitchell, C., Quaglino, M. C., Posner, V. M., Arranz, S. E., & Sciara, A.A. (2021). Quantification

and composition analysis of plastic pollution in riverine beaches of the lower Paraná river, Argentina. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28,16140–16151. doi: 10.1007/s11356-020-11686-z

Pradit, S., Noppradit, P., Loh, P. S. & Nitiratsuwan, T. (2022). The occurrence of microplastics in sediment cores from two mangrove areas in southern Thailand. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering,10(418),1-13. doi: 10.3390/jmse110 40723

Qiao, R., Deng, Y., Zhang, S., Wolosker, M. B., Zhu, Q., Ren H., et al. (2019). Microplastics induce intestinal inflammation, oxidative stress, and disorders of metabolome and microbiome in zebrafish. Chemosphere, 236, 124334. doi: 10.1016/j.che mosphere.2019.07.065

SEAFDEC. (2009). Rope for sustainable conservation of coastal fisheries resources. Training department, South East Asian Fisheries Development Centre: [in Thai]

Song, Y. K., Hong, S. H., Eo, S., Han, G. M., & Shim, W. J. (2020). Rapid production of micro- and nanoplastics by fragmentation of expanded polystyrene exposed to sunlight. Environmental Science and Technology,54(18), 11191–11200. doi: 10.1021/acs. est.0c02288

Sutton, R., Mason, Sh. A., Stanek, S. K., Willis-Norton, E., Wren, I. F., & Box, C. (2016). Microplastic contamination in the San Francisco Bay, California, USA. Marine Pollution Bulletin,109, 230-235. doi: 10.1016/j.marpol bul.2016.05.077

Tsang, Y.Y., Mak, C.W., Liebich,C., Lam, S.W., Sze, E.T-P., & Chan K.M. (2017). Microplastic pollution in the marine waters and sediments of Hong Kong. Marine Pollution Bulletin,115(1–2), 20-28. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.11.003

Urban-Malinga, B., Zalewski, M., Jakubowska, A., Wodzinowski, T., Malinga, M., Pałys, B., et al. (2020). Microplastics on sandy beaches of the southern Baltic Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin,155,111170. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111170

Zhao, X., Wang, J., Leung, K. M. Y., & Wu, F. (2022). Color: An Important but Overlooked Factor for Plastic Photoaging and Microplastic Formation. Environmental Science &Technology, 56,9161−9163. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.2c02402