Investigation and Optimization of Printing Parameters of 3D-Printed ABS-Based parts

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Naiyunard Nontapaph
Noppon Somsesta


Recently, 3D printers have rapidly expanded and played an important role in the fabrication of composite materials because they are able to design complex and durable aerospace component structures. The objective of this research is to study the effects of printing or processing parameters on 3D printers and find the most appropriate values that provide the best properties for three-dimensional modeling. In this work, the ABS filament was used as a precursor for the 3D printing process, and a study on the effect of nozzle temperature (240°C, 250°C, and 260°C) and infill density (25%, 50%, 75%, and 100%) on morphology, crystallinity index, mechanical properties, and thermal properties was performed. The 3D-printed parts were then characterized using scanning electron microscopes (SEM), universal testing machines (UTM), X-ray diffraction analyzers (XRD), thermal mechanical analyzers (DMA), and thermogravimetric analyzers (TGA). The experimental results showed that at higher nozzle temperatures, the adhesion between the layers improved and the air voids were smaller. These led to an increment in the crystallinity index. In addition, the higher printing temperature can enhance the storage modulus, which makes the part harder to dislocate. The results also indicated that the tensile strength of 3D-printed parts increased with increasing infill density. Nevertheless, these two parameters had no effect on thermal stability since the decomposition temperature did not change even when the processing condition was adjusted.

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TANUMONTHON, N., Nontapaph, N. ., & Somsesta , N. (2023). Investigation and Optimization of Printing Parameters of 3D-Printed ABS-Based parts. NKRAFA JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 19(2), 45–57. Retrieved from
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