The Production of Biodegradable Flowerpot from Sludge of Rubber Factory with Waste from Mushroom Culture and Palm Bunches

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Jutamas Kaewmanee

Abstract

The concept for this research is that plants pots are produced from rubber plant sludge and waste material from the mushroom lump and palm bunch are use to replace products that are made from plastic, which is an alternative to reduce the amount of waste and add value to the waste material. The aims for this work are 1) to study the chemical characteristics of raw materials 2) to study the physical characteristics, and 3) to study properties of plant pots produced from rubber plant sludge, waste material from the mushroom lump and palm bunch. The conditions of experiment are 6 ratios between rubber plant sludge to waste material from the mushroom lump including 0 : 100, 20 : 80, 40 : 60, 60 : 40, 80 : 20 and 100 : 0. using wet glue and palm bunch as binder and subsidiary binder, respectively. The results revealed that 1) raw material has acid-base, conductivity, and moisture value suitable for growing plants, 2) the first ratio had the highest average weight of 246.67 grams and plant pot could be molded well, strong and have smooth skin, and 3) the first ratio has qualifications suitable for actual application; the water absorption was 99.18 percentages, an inflation value was 81.93 percentages and the slowest deterioration of the plant pot.

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References

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