Effects of Basal Metabolic Rate and Body Composition on Bone Mass in Elderly and Adult

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Nitita Piya-amornphan
Pennapa Chonpathompikunlert


Osteoporosis is a worldwide problem and mostly result from the age-dependent bone loss. Literatures
show factors involved in bone loss, but impacts of that are not totally clarify. This study primary aimed to
investigate whether basal metabolic rate and body composition affect bone mass in elderly and adult.
Cross-sectional study was performed to collect the data set of bone mass, muscle mass, fat mass, and basal
metabolic rate. The result showed that bone mass was highly correlate with basal metabolic rate (r = 0.979,
0.971; p = 0.000) and muscle mass (r = 0.947, 0.924; p = 0.000) in elderly and adult. Aged bone mass also related to fat mass. Bone mass in both age-groups were mostly influenced by basal metabolic rate (adjusted beta coefficients = 0.979, 0.971; p = 0.000). In conclusion, basal metabolic rate was correlate with bone mass and may be the factor affecting bone mass in both elderly and adult.


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