A Simple Solid-solid Reaction for the Synthesis of Lead sulfide-montmorillonite Hybrid

Main Article Content

Areeporn Baoulan
Sonchai Intachai


The hybrid materials of lead sulfide with montmorillonite were synthesized by       a solid-solid reaction between lead-exchanged montmorillonite and sodium sulfide                at ambient condition.  The hybrids were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA).  The basal spacing of heat-treated lead sulfide-montmorillonite-sodium sulfide (200oC) was 1.20 nm.                             The formation of lead sulfide in the hybrid confirmed by the non-resolved absorption band and absorption onset at 328 and 508 nm, respectively for heat-treated lead             sulfide-montmorillonite-sodium sulfide. The dramatic blue-shifted in the absorption onset relative to that of bulk was observed.The heat treated lead sulfide-montmorillonite-sodium sulfide showed an emission peak at 367 nm. The removal of adsorbed water resulted in the increasing intensity of the hybrid.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)


[1] K. Rajeshwar, N.R. de Tacconi and C.R.Chenthamarakshan, “Semiconductor-based composite materials: preparation, properties, and performance,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, pp. 2765-2782, 2001.
[2] T. Trindade, “Nanocrystalline semiconductors: synthesis, properties, and perspectives,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, pp. 3843-3858, 2001.
[3] T.K. Singh and S.K. Sharma, “Lead sulphide-doped silica xerogel by sol-gel technique,” Defence Science Journal, vol. 46, pp. 105-107, 1996.
[4] J. Li and J.Z. Zhang, “Optical properties and applications of hybrid semiconductor nanocrystals,” Coordination Chemistry Reviews, vol. 253, 3015-3041, 2009.
[5] A.P. Alivisatos, “Perspectives on the physical chemistry of semiconductor nanocrystals,” Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol. 100, pp. 13226-13239, 1996.
[6] Y.-P. Sun, R. Guduru, F. Lin and T. Whiteside, “Preparation of nanoscale semiconductors through the rapid expansion of supercritical solution (RESS) into liquid solution,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 39, pp. 4663-4669, 2000.
[7] S. Chen, L.A. Truax and J.M. Sommers, “Alkanethiolate-protected PbS nanoclusters: synthesis, spectroscopic and electrochemical studies,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 12, pp. 3864-3870, 2000.
[8] A.S. Obaid, M.A. Mahdi and Z. Hassan, “Growth of nanocrystalline PbS thin films by solid-vapor deposition,” Advanced Materials Research, vol. 620, pp. 1-6, 2013.
[9] S. Seghaier, N. Kamoun, R. Brini and A.B. Amara, “Structural and optical properties of PbS thin films deposited by chemical bath deposition,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 97, pp. 71-80, 2006.
[10] F. Gao, Q. Lu, X. Liu, Y. Yan and D. Zhao, “Controlled synthesis of semiconductor PbS nanocrystals and nanowires inside mesoporous silica SBA-15 phase,” Nano Letters, vol. 1 pp. 743-748, 2001.
[11] M. Flores-Acosta, M. Sotelo-Lerma, H. Arizpe-Chávez, F.F. Castillón-Barraza and R. Ramírez-Bon, “Excitonic absorption of spherical PbS nanoparticles in zeolite A,” Solid State Communications, vol. 128, pp. 407-411, 2003.
[12] W. Chen, Z. Wang, Z. Lin, J. Qian and L. Lin, “New observation on the formation of PbS clusters in zeolite-Y,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 68, pp. 1990-1992, 1996.
[13] K. Moller, T. Bein, N. Herron, W. Mahler and Y. Wang, “Encapsulation of lead sulfide molecular clusters into solid matrices, structural analysis with X-ray absorption spectroscopy.” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 28, pp. 2914-2919, 1989.
[14] C. Leiggener and G. Calzaferri, “Synthesis and luminescence properties of Ag2S and PbS clusters in zeolite A,” Chemistry A European Journal, vol. 11, pp. 7191-7198, 2005.
[15] L. Jankovič, K. Dimos, J. Bujdk, I. Koutselas, J. Madejová, D. Gournis, M.A. Karakassides and P. Komadel, Synthesis and characterization of low dimensional ZnS- and PbS-semiconductor particles on montmorillonite template,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics., vol. 12, pp. 14236-14244, 2010.
[16] M. Ogawa, T. Kuroda and K. Kato, “Intercalation of 2,2-bipyridine and complex formation in the interlayer space of montmorillonite by solid-solid reactions,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 30, pp. 584-585, 1991.
[17] M. Ogawa, Y. Nagafusa, K. Kuroda and C. Kato, “Solid-state intercalation of crylamide into smectites and Na-taeniolite,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 7, pp. 291-302, 1992.
[18] M. Ogawa, T. Aono, K. Kuroda and C. Kato,“Photophysical probe study of alkylammonium-montmoillonites.” Langmuir, vol. 9, pp. 1529-1533, 1993.
[19] M. Ogawa, K. Saito and M. Sohmiya, “A controlled spatial distribution of functional units in the two dimensional nanospace of layered silicates and titanates. Dalton Trans, vol. 43, pp. 10340-10354, 2014.
[20] S. Miao, Z. Liu, B. Han, H. Yang, Z. Miao and Z. Sun, “Synthesis and characterization of ZnS-montmorillonite nanocomposites and their application for degrading eosin B,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 301, pp. 116-122, 2006.
[21] C. Ooka, S. Akita, Y. Ohashi, T. Horiuchi, K. Sukuki, S.-I. Komai, H. Yoshida and T. Hattori, “Crystallization of hydrothermally treated TiO2 pillars in pillared montmorillonite for improvement of the photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 9, pp. 2943-2952, 1999.
[22] Z. Han, H. Zhu, S.R. Bulcock and S.P. Ringer, “One-step synthesis and structural features of CdS/montmorillonite nanocomposites,” Journal of Physic Chemistry B, vol. 109, pp. 2673-2678, 2005.
[23] N. Khaorapapong, N. Khumchoo and M. Ogawa, “Preparation of zinc oxide-montmorillonite hybrids,” Materials Letters, vol. 65, pp. 657-660, 2011.
[24] N. Khaorapapong, N. Khumchoo and M. Ogawa, “Preparation of copper oxide in smectites,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 104, pp. 238-244, 2015.
[25] A. Ontam, N. Khaorapapong and M. Ogawa, “An incorporation of cadmium selenide at organophillic surface of clay mineral,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 411, pp. 27-33, 2012.
[26] A. Ontam, N. Khaorapapong and M. Ogawa, “Immobilization of cadmium telluride nanoparticles on the surface of hexadecyltrimethylammonium-montmorillonite.” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, pp. 20001-20007, 2012.
[27] N. Khaorapapong, A. Ontam, S. Yongme and M. Ogawa, “Solid-state intercalation and in situ formation of cadmium sulfide in the interlayer space of montmorillonite,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 69, pp. 1107-1111, 2008.
[28] N. Khaorapapong, A. Ontam, J. Khemprasit and M. Ogawa, “Formation of MnS- and NiS-montmorillonites by solid-solid reactions,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 43. pp. 238-242, 2009.
[29] N. Khaorapapong, A. Ontam and M. Ogawa, “Very slow formation of copper sulfide and cobalt sulfide nanoparticles in montmorillonite,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 51, pp. 182-186, 2011.
[30] D.M. Clementz, T.J. Pinnavain and M.M. Mortland, “Stereochemistry of hydrate copper(II) ions on the interlamellar surface of layer silicates. An electron spin resonance study,” Journal Physic Chemistry B, vol. 101, pp. 7786-7793, 1973.
[31] L. Guo, K. Ibrahim, F.Q. Liu, X.C. Ai, Q.S. Li, H.S. Zhu and Y.H. Zou. “Transient optical properties of novel PbS nanoparticles coated with 2,6-O-diallyl--CD,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 82, pp. 111-114, 1999.
[32] P. Yang, C.F. Song, M.K. Lü, X. Yin, G.J. Zhou, D. Xu and D.R. Yuan, “The luminescence of PbS nanoparticles embedded in sol-gel silica glass,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 345, pp. 429-434, 2001.
[33] S.W. Buckner, R.L. Konold and P.A. Jelliss, “Luminescence quenching in PbS nanoparticles,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 394, pp. 400-404, 2004.
[34] M.S. Ghamsari, M.H.M. Ara, S. Radiman and X.H. Zhang, “Colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystals with strong green emission.” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 137, pp. 241-244, 2013.