Main Article Content
The objective of this study was to determine the diversity, ecology, conservation status and traditional uses of three tribes, 12 genera and 57 species of Zingiberaceae that were identified during a botanical survey between January and December 2016 in Nakhon Phanom province, Thailand. Curcuma, Globba and Zingiber are the most diverse genera with nine each. Alpinia and Kaempferia are the second most diverse genera with eight species each. While the genera Hedychium and Etlingera are the least diverse with one species each. Scientific name, vernacular name, flowering and fruiting periods, ecological and distribution data, conservation status of each species and ecological and morphology-based key to the species are provided. Four species are reported as endemic to Thailand. Eighteen species are recorded as rare species. It was revealed that the traditional uses of Zingiberaceae species in Nakhon Phanom province were most frequency for medicine, food (including spices), ornamental plants and rituals. Rhizomes, roots, pseudostem, inflorescences, leaves and fruits are the parts of the plant used. This study is the first report from Nakhon Phanom province.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Chuakul, W. and Boonpleng, A. 2003. Ethnomedicinal sues of Thai Zingiberacous plant. Thai journal of phytopharmacy 10(1), 33–39.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016. Version 2013.2 (Internet) 2016 (http://www.iucnredlist.org/. updated 2016; cited 2016 Dec. 22)
Khamtang, L., Saensouk, S., Saensouk. P. and Thanonkeo, S. 2014. Species diversity utilization of Zingiberaceae in Phu Laenkha National Park, Chaiyaphum province. KKU Researce Journal 19, 306–330.
Larsen, K. and Larsen, S. S. 2006. Gingers of Thailand. Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, Chiang Mai, Thailand. Saensouk, S. and Chantaranothai, P. 2003.The Family Zingiberaceae in Phu Phan National Park, In: Proceedings of 3rd Symposium on the Family Zingiberaceae. Khon Kaen, Thailand, pp. 16–25.
Saensouk, S. and Saensouk, P. 2014. Elettariopsis biphylla, a new species of Zingiberaceae from Thailand. Phytotaxa 159 (1), 23–25.
Saensouk, S., Saensouk, P., Pasorn, P. and Chantaranothai, P. 2016. Diversity and uses of Zingiberaceae in Nam Nao National Park, Chaiyaphum and Phetchabun provinces, Thailand, with a new record for Thailand. Agriculture and Natural Resources 50, 445–453.
Sirirugsa, P. 1998. Thai Zingiberaceae: Species diversity and their uses. International Conference on Biodiversity and Bioresources: Conservation and Utilization, 23–27 November 1997, Phuket, Thailand. https://www.google.co.th/maps/place/, 7 July 2017.