Opinions on Raising Finishing Pigs of Smallholder Farmers at Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat District in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province

Main Article Content

Somphon Noppakeua
Yenying Chongchit


The research aimed to study: 1) general information of smallholder farmers and finishing pig raising conditions, 2) opinions of the farmers on raising finishing pigs at Mueang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. The research population was a group of 172 finishing pig farmers at Mueang District, Nakhon Si Thammarat Province. The sample of 120 were selected using a multistage sampling formula in which reliability and validity assessed questionnaires were used. The results showed that 55% of the samples are female farmers approximately aged 58 years old, with primary education, raising pigs as the main career with an average monthly income at 23,588 Baht and average monthly farming expense at 11,599 Baht. The opinions in descending order were farming area (gif.latex?\bar{X}=4.67), distribution and returns (gif.latex?\bar{X}=4.35), current raising conditions (gif.latex?\bar{X} =4.17), sustainability (gif.latex?\bar{X} =3.71), feed management and sanitation ( =3.08), farming equipment (gif.latex?\bar{X} =2.87), funding (gif.latex?\bar{X} =2.09), and government service (gif.latex?\bar{X} =1.42). These indicate that farming areas have highly positive opinion because of adequate utility and good quality of drinking water resources and relatively high on the distribution and returns as it is a major household income. The funding has a low score because of inadequate funding and the government service needs an improvement. In conclusion, this research will be used as a further guideline for government and private sectors to promote the raised of finishing pigs.


Article Details

Research Articles


Department of Livestock Development. (2020). Farmers raising livestock data in Thailand. (Online). Retrieved 15 November 2020, from http://www.dld.go.th/webnew/index.php/th/service-ict/report-thailandlivestock/reportservey2560/1165-2560-1-country.

Nakhon Si Tammarat Provincial Livestock Office. (2017). Small farmers raising livestock report in Nakhonsitammarat. (paper copy)

Yamane, T. (1967). Statistics: An introductory analysis. (2nd Edition). New York: Harper and Row Publisher.

Sornsil, U. (2014). Considerations when created rating scale for research. Education Journal, 1(4), 4–6.

Vanichbancha, K. (2000). Using SPSS for Windows in data analysis. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University. (in Thai)

Limnirunkul, B., Gypmantasiri P., Muangsuk C., & Kramol, P. (2006). Contract farming with opportunities for the development of smallholder farmers. Multiple Cropping Center Seminar 2006. 97–108.

Maneemai, P., Charoenkijjarukorn, P., Khamawanit, T., Manojai, C., & Itsaradamkerng, K. (2015). Costs and returns of small and medium scale fattening swine production: A case study of individual and contract farming in Phatthalung Province. Modern Management Journal, 13(1), 93–105.