Characterization of Cement Paste Composites Blended with Palmyra Fiber Ash and Surface-treated on Short SWNT Prepared by an Electroless Plating Process

Main Article Content

Suchart Chantaramanee
Nuntachai Chusilp
Chatree Homkhiew
Danupon Tonnayopas

Abstract

            This research was resulted of the characterization of cement paste composites (CPC) blended with palmyra fiber ash and surface-treated on short SWNT prepared by an electroless plating process. The cement paste composites included cement, 270 meshes of palmyra fiber ash and short SWNT. The design of experiment was divided into 3 conditions namely uncuring, 28 and 56 days in distilled water. The properties of CPC were carried out in chemical composition, physical, mechanical, mineral phase, microstructure and statistical analysis. It was found that in the chemical compositions an amount of silicon dioxide, aluminium oxide and ferric oxide were 51.53%, which was rated in class C. The bulk densities of CPC series between PFA10 (C) and PFA5AgSWNT0.01 (G) cured 56-day distilled water were an increased 38%. Then, the highest specific electrical resistivity of CPC series PFA5OSWNT0.03 (F) cured 56-day distilled water was 1.14±0.31 mega-ohm.mm. The highest compressive strength of CPC series PFA5AgSWNT0.01 (G) cured at 28-day distilled water was 25.45±2.00 MPa compared with the OPC (A) was an increased 5%. Which, the bulk densities of CPC series between PFA10 (C) and PFA5AgSWNT0.01 (G) were statistical analyzed the mostly cured at significant difference, α = 0.05. In addition, CPC series PFA5AgSWNT0.01 (G) mainly contained calcite, portlandite, quartz dolomite and ettringite were caused increasing compressive strength. And the SEM microphotograph were also displayed the calcium silicate hydrate, portlandite and ettringite. Consequently, the PFA was used to ability pozzolanic material using for lightweight concrete of CPC.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)

References

[1] Office of Industrial Economics Ministry of Industry. (2020, June 1). Industrial Economic Conditions in January 2020. [Online]. Available: https://www.ryt9.com/s/oie/3107077
[2] Thailand Fellowship of Cement Manufacturers. (2020, June 1). Export of Cement Industry. [Online]. Available: http://thaicma.or.th/cms/scale-of-cement-industry/export-of-cement-industry/
[3] The Concrete Products and Aggregate Co., Ltd. (2020, June 4). Cement. [Online]. Available: https://cpacacademy.com/download/cpacacademy_com/e-contech%20u2.pdf
[4] S. Dumrongsil and S. Sujjavanich, “Effect of cement containing binary blended bagasse ash-fly ash on physical and mechanical properties of concrete,” KMUTT Research and Development Journal, vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 489-499, Jul.-Sep. 2007.
[5] S. Dumrongsil, “Effect of rice husk ash blended with fly ash on mechanical properties of concrete,” RMUTP Research Journal, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 125-133, Mar. 2015.
[6] B. Chatveera and N. Makul, “Effect of curing temperature on mechanical properties of cement mixed with white rice husk ash paste,” KMUTT Research and Development Journal, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 49-61, Jan.-Mar. 2004.
[7] S. Chantaramanee, W. Keanthongdang, P. I-suwan and D. Tonnayopas, “Properties of cement composite fabricated from white rice husk ash incorporated with short single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Engineering Journal Chiang Mai University, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 113-121, Sep.-Dec. 2018.
[8] W. Kroehong, T. Sinsiri, C. Jaturapitakkul and P. Chindaprasirt, “A study microstructure of blended cement paste containing palm oil fuel ash,” KMUTT Research and Development Journal, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 187-200, Apr.-Jun. 2012.
[9] Department of Agricultural Extension Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. (2017, July 12). Tantanode. [Online]. Available: https://production.doae.go.th/service/
[10] W. Saiwarin, C. Napia and T. Sinsiri, “The study of leaching of heavy metals contaminant in cement pastes containing bagasse ashes,” KKU Engineering Journal, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 181-190, Apr.-Jun. 2014.
[11] W. Kroehong, S. Sangpaen, P. Sitkanarak and J. Wilairat, “Mechanical properties microstructure and thermal conductivity of concrete block containing fly ash,” KMUTT Research and Development Journal, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 407-425, Jul.-Sep. 2016.
[12] P. Kejaroen and S. Sethabouppha, “Development of lightweight concrete masonry units with oil palm ash,” RMUTP Research Journal, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 33-40, May. 2007.
[13] S. Iijima, “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon,” Letters to Nature, vol. 354, pp. 56-58, Nov. 1991.
[14] Y. Feng and H. Yuan, “Electroless plating of carbon nanotubes with silver,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 39, pp. 3241-3243, 2004.
[15] Y. Hu, D. Luo, P. Li, Q. Li and G. Sun, “Fracture toughness enhancement of cement paste with multi-wall carbon nanotubes,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 70, pp. 332-338, 2014.
[16] M. Elkashef, K. Wang and M. N. Abou-Zeid, “Acid treated carbon nanotubes and their effects on mortar strength,” Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 180-188, 2016.
[17] K. M. Liew, M. F. Kai and L. W. Zhang, “Mechanical and damping properties of CNT-reinforced cementitious composites,” Composite Structures, vol. 160, 15, pp. 81-88, 2017.
[18] M. A. Mousavi and A. Bahari, “Influence of functionalized MWCNT on microstructure and mechanical properties of cement paste,” Indian Academy of Sciences, vol. 44, 103, pp. 1-13, 2019.
[19] R. Kaur, N. C. Kothiyal, and H. Arora, “Studies on combined effect of superplasticizer modified graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes on the physico-mechanical strength and electrical resistivity of fly ash blended cement mortar,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 30, 101234, 2020.
[20] Standard Specification for Portland Cement, ASTM Standard C150-07, 2007.
[21] Portland Cement, Thai Industrial Standard Institute TISI. 15, 2004.
[22] Cheap Tubes Inc. (2020, June 9). Single walled carbon nanotubes, SWNTs, specifications and properties. [Online]. Available: https://www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=2180
[23] The Concrete Products and Aggregate Co.,Ltd. (2020, June 9). Chapter 2 Cement. [Online]. Available: https://www.cpacacademy.com/index.php?tpid=0063
[24] S. Chantaramanee, S. Wisutmethangoon, L. Sikong and T. Plookphol, “Development of a lead-free composite solder from Sn-Ag-Cu and Ag-coated carbon nanotubes,” Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, vol. 24, pp. 3707–3715, 2013.
[25] Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM Standard C39/C39M-05, 2005.
[26] Standard Test Method for Density, Absorption, and Voids in Hardened Concrete, ASTM Standard C642-97, 1997.
[27] Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete, ASTM Standard C597-16, 2016.
[28] Standard Test Method for Splitting Tensile Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM Standard C496-96, 1996.
[29] Standard Specification for Coal Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use in Concrete, ASTM Standard C618-12a, 2012.
[30] W. Sanawung, W. Tangchirapat and C. Jaturapitakkul, “Strength, abrasion resistance, and chloride ion penetration of concrete containing palm oil fuel ash,” KMUTT Research and Development Journal, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 83-96, Jan.-Mar. 2018.
[31] G. Y. Li, P. M. Wang and X. Zhao, “Mechanical behavior and microstructure of cement composites incorporating surface-treated multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 43 pp. 1239-1245, 2005.