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The degradation of marine resources at Samasarn Islands has been a problem for a long time. Due problem, a fish dome was established on Samae San Island, with the objective of serving as a resource for future marine ecosystem rehabilitation. Over a 25-month, from March 2018 to March 2020, studies on the composition and abundance of marine fish were collected from fish domes. A video census method was collected from 100 fish domes situated across five stations. Each station was further divided into five groups, each containing four fish domes. Found 99 species belonging to 36 different families. The Pomacentridae family was the most dominant with 11 species, followed closely by Labridae and Gobiidae families, each with 8 species. Intriguingly, the research unveiled the presence of at least seven fish species within the fish dome area that had not been previously observed in the coral reefs of Samaesarn Island. These species include Janss' pipefish (Doryrhamphus janssi), spotted porcupinefish (Diodon hystrix), map puffer (Arothron mappa), half-barred goby (Priolepis semidoliata), bearded leatherjacket (Anacanthus barbatus), spotcheek emperor (Lethrinus rubrioperculatus), and three-striped whiptail (Pentapodus trivittatus). This study showed the importance of fish domes for the restoration of coral reefs, especially for coral reef fish and marine fish in this area.
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