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Osteoporosis associates with lifestyle factors. To identify the environmental factors both of the dietary and activity patterns associated with osteoporosis in Thai postmenopausal women. The study population was derived from the data during 2007 to 2014. This cross-sectional study was performed in 331 Thai postmenopausal female volunteers, who attended the menopause clinic post-operation follow up clinic, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ramathibodi Hospital, Bangkok, for a physical check-up and bone mineral scan by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The prevalence of Thai postmenopausal women in this study were osteopenia (46.5%) and osteoporosis (28.4%) (classified by T-score bone mineral density; BMD at any sites). After adjustment for age and BMI, the data from questionnaire were analyzed. Weight, height, BMI, exercise, protein-sourced food, and biochemical parameters including calcium and phosphorus levels were associated with BMDs. The public health care system should concern in osteoporosis situation. The lifestyle factors, especially dietary factor, are associated with bone mineral density (BMD). This research recommended that exercise and dietary are very important factors for reducing the risk of osteoporosis. Further investigations with quantitative analysis of food and nutrient consumption and long-term follow-up should be investigated.
บทความนี้เป็นผลงานใหม่ ไม่เคยเผยแพร่ที่ใดมาก่อน และไม่อยู่ระหว่างการประเมินคุณภาพทั้งในรูปแบบของวารสาร (Journals) หรือบทความที่นำเสนอในงานการประชุมวิชาการ (Proceedings) และได้รับความเห็นชอบจากผู้นิพนธ์ร่วมทุกท่านเรียบร้อยแล้ว
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