Development of Tablet Product from Riceberry Broken Rice

Main Article Content

Namfon Samsalee
Seksan Mangklanan


            Riceberry rice is dark purple coloured grains. It is one of the most famous rice for consumers. There are nutrients and high antioxidant properties. Riceberry broken rice (RBR) is a by-product from the rice milling process and has a low value. It can be processed into various products. The purpose of this research was to study the ingredients and the ratios for tablet formulations, including RBR powder, milk powder, whey protein, icing sugar, strawberry powder, bulking agent, anticaking agent and lubricant agent. Tabletting of powders was performed using a rotary tablet press machine. It was found that the powder products exhibited passable flow with the Carr Index of 24.57-32.10% and the Hausner Ratio value of 1.33-1.47. The water activity value of product was in the range 0.36-0.45. The tablets had thickness 3.86-4.38 mm, diameter 13.07-13.35 mm and weight 0.62-0.71 g/tablet. The increase of RBR powder content (10% - 40%) decreased hardness value of tablet products about 5 times (from 64 N to 12 N). Sensory evaluation of products in appearance, color, texture, odor, flavor, hardness, dissolution in the mouth and overall liking were conducted using 9-point hedonic scale with 30 untrained panelists. The results showed that the optimal tablet formulation consisted of 30% RBR powder, 30% icing sugar, 18% milk powder, 1% anticaking agent, 1% lubricant agent and 20% bulking agent or strawberry powder. They showed the highest overall liking scores in ranges of “like slightly” to “like moderately”


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

บทความวิจัย (Research Articles)


[1] Thai Rice Exporters Association. (2020, May 26). History of rice in the world. [Online]. Available:
[2] Rice Science Center and Rice Gene Discovery. (2020, May 26). Riceberry. [Online]. Available:
[3] V. Luang-In, M. Yotchaisarn, I. Somboonwatthanakul and S. Deeseenthum, “Bioactivities of organic riceberry broken rice and crude riceberry rice oil,” Thai Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 161-168, 2018.
[4] A. Halee, N. Navech and S. Voraaroon, “Development of broken rice berry jelly fortified with Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni,” The Science Journal of Phetchaburi Rajabhat University, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 29-37, 2018.
[5] M. Natvaratat, “Development of supplementary protein milk tablet for rural school children,” Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. Product Development, Kasetsart Univ., Bangkok, Thailand, 2007.
[6] C. Yackinous, C. Wee and J. X. Guinard, “Internal preference mapping of hedonic ratings for ranch salad dressings varying in fat and garlic flavor,” Food quality and preference, vol. 10, no. 4-5, pp. 401-409, 1999.
[7] M. Saifullah, Y. A. Yusof, N. L. Chin, M. G. Aziz, M. A. P. Mohammed and N. A. Aziz, “Tableting and dissolution characteristics of mixed fruit powder,” Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, vol. 2, pp. 18-25, 2014.
[8] W. Yuenyongputtakal and K. Limroongreungrat, “Formulation development of longan tablet product,” Agricultural Science Journal, vol. 43, no. 2 (Suppl.), pp. 353-356, 2012.
[9] C. Somalee and A. Thummasri, “Formula and consumer acceptance of fish cracker product from low-value fish,” Journal of Fisheries Technology Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 96-104, 2015.
[10] T. Intarasuk, S. Satthapongsakul, W. Sila-on, P. Sritananuwat, T. Kumlung and U. Puapermpoonsiri, “Development of mushroom tablets from Lentinus edodes, Pleurotus ostreatus and Pleurotus pulmonarius,” Isan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 11 (Suppl.), pp. 14-24, 2016.
[11] L. P. Zea, Y. A. Yusof, M. G. Aziz, C. N. Ling and N. A. M. Amin, “Compressibility and dissolution characteristics of mixed fruit tablets made from guava and pitaya fruit powders,” Powder technology, vol. 247, pp. 112-119, 2013.
[12] N. Samsalee and R. Sothornvit, “Native and modified porcine plasma protein as wall materials for microencapsulation of natural essential oils,” International Journal of Food Science & Technology, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 2745-2753, 2019.
[13] N. Bunnag, K. Jangchud and A. Jangchud, “Development of red kidney bean tablet for children and adolescents,” in Proceedings of 41th Kasetsart University Annual Conference: Agro-Industry, Kasetsart University, Thailand, 2003, pp. 1-10.
[14] A. Azfar and M. A. Azhar, “Development and evaluation of goat milk tablet using dry granulation techniques for nutraceutical purposes,” International Journal of Engineering Technology and Sciences, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1-7, 2017.